This 2014 $5 pure gold coin is part of a new series from the Royal Canadian Mint that chronicles the life cycle of the fierce female cougar. Sightings of the cougar are rare as this secretive hunter passes through the landscape, making her the perfect subject to be captured on a coin. This coin has a diameter of 16mm, and is struck in 1/10th of an ounce of 99.99% pure gold. It features a low mintage of 3,000 coins worldwide. As a pure gold coin, this item is GST/HST-exempt.
The striking illustration by Glen Loates depicts a close-up, three-quarter view that gives us an exceptionally detailed glimpse of the features of the elusive cougar. A Proof finish, which is the highest-quality standard from the Mint, brings every line of the fur and whiskers to life. The reverse also displays the words "CANADA", the year "2014", and the face value of "5 DOLLARS" around the rim.
Averaging 64kg (140lbs) in weight and up to 3 metres in length, the cougar is noted for its lithe musculature, long hind legs, and a tail that (at almost a metre long) acts as an important counterbalance for the impressive jumper. Cougars are known to disperse up to 1000km from their natal territory to establish their own hunting domains. They are predators of elk, deer, sheep, young moose, and a range of smaller and domesticated animals. Their most necessary requirements when choosing a dwelling are good cover, access to prey, and the privacy that allows the cougar to live the solitary life it enjoys. This solitary elusiveness, however, makes it very difficult for authorities to track and protect the creature.